Mizoram is designated as high malaria endemic area by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) in India. The status, diversity and the number of vectors and potential vectors within Mizoram are poorly studied. This study identified 16 Anopheles species, out of which 12 are potential vectors of malaria in undivided Aizawl district of Mizoram. There are 4 species identified form the sub-genus Anopheles and 12 species from the sub genus Cellia. The result also indicates that Champhai district have the lowest anopheline diversity and Mamit district the highest. The role of each vector and potential vectors of malaria has to be further investigated.