Soil carbon is an important aspect of soil fertility and represents a major reservoir of terrestrial carbon pool globally. The amount of soil carbon was estimated in bamboo forests of five administrative districts which account for more than 80% of the bamboo growing areas of Mizoram. The soil carbon pool of the study area ranged from 51.914 Mg ha-1 to 84.2352 Mg ha-1. Maximum soil carbon pool, 84.2352 Mg ha-1 was recorded in Mamit district and minimum in Serchhip district (51.914 Mg ha-1). The major differences in soil carbon pool in different districts of Mizoram may be attributed to the local habitat quality and climatic conditions.